Diabetes represents the commonest cause of kidney failure in the Western World,
Normal functioning kidneys which are made up of tiny filtration units filter the blood and remove toxic waste products and it is excreted as urine.

Patients with diabetes sometimes develop damage to their kidneys due to persistent high blood sugar levels which mean that their kidneys are unable to excrete the excess toxic waste and excess water.

This result in the patient feeling tired, nauseated and fluid overloaded. A simple blood and urine test can identify the level of toxic waste and indicate nephropathy.

Diabetic Nephropathy is a very specific form of kidney disease which goes through many stages before it leads to end stage renal failure requiring dialysis or a kidney transplants. The development of nephropathy can be identified at an early stage even before any abnormality appears in the blood test. This is done by analyzing urine protein content and if present patients can be treated with medication.

This has proved highly effective both in the prevention of kidney disease and in the stabilization of established kidney impairment. It is essential therefore that analysis of kidney function forms part of the routine and regular follow up of diabetes patients.


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