Dietary Subsets.

There are various subsets of vegetarian diets. There is no single eating pattern although clearly the emphasis is on plant based foods. The subsets include the following:

  • The vegan diet includes only plant-based foods
  • The lactovegetarian diet is plant based plus cheese and dairy products
  • The ovo-lactovegeraian diet includes eggs
  • The pesco-vegetarian diet includes fish
  • The semi-vegetarian diet excludes red meat but includes chicken and fish

The variability of eating patterns make interpretation of many nutritional studies on vegetarianism difficult although the general consensus from the recent reports show that vegetarians have a lower risk of obesity, coronary heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.

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